White pepper consists of only the inner seed with the pericarp
removed by soaking and rubbing or by decorticating when dry. To make
white pepper, the berry is picked fully ripe. Its outer shrunken skin is
rubbed off, exposing the dried, grayish-white pepper inside.
White pepper has a milder, more delicate flavor than black pepper,
and is useful for adding a peppery flavor to light-colored sauces and
soup without adding black color. More expensive white pepper is hotter
than black because it contains more piperine, the volatile oil that
gives pepper its characteristic flavor. White pepper contains slightly
less essential oil than black pepper. It is preferred in Europe,
especially France,and is now popular in Japan for sukiyaki.
How to store
Crushed white pepper should be kept in a tightly sealed glass container in a cool, dark and dry place. Whole white peppercorns will keep almost indefinitely, while crushed pepper will stay fresh for about three months.
White pepper stimulates the taste buds in such a way that an alert is sent to the stomach to increase hydrochloric acid secretion, thereby improving digestion.Pepper is an excellent source of manganese, a very good source of iron and vitamin K, and a good source of dietary fiber
White pepper has long been recognized as a carminitive, (a substance that helps prevent the formation of intestinal gas), a property likely due to its beneficial effect of stimulating hydrochloric acid production. In addition, white pepper has diaphoretic (promotes sweating), and diuretic (promotes urination) properties.